UER Before an article, report, or brief is accepted into the Undergraduate Engineering Review, the author must first submit a proposal that specifies the importance of the research, the scope and limitations of the research, and the methods for the research.
Submitters should read the journal's Link for Proposals before submitting. Unfortunately, nuclear fission, the process used to create this large amount energy, creates significant amounts of high level radioactive waste. More than 30, metric tons of nuclear waste have arisen from U. Because of the build-up of this waste, some power plants will be forced to shut down. To avoid visit web page an important source of energy, a safe and economical place to keep this waste is necessary.
This document proposes a literature review of whether Yucca Mountain is a suitable site for a nuclear waste repository. The proposed review will discuss the economical and environmental aspects of a national storage facility. However, the DOE is undecided on where to put this high level radioactive waste.
Yucca Mountain, located learn more here Nevada, is a proposed site. There are many questions regarding the safety of the Yucca Mountain waste repository. Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory disagree over the long-term safety of the proposed high level nuclear waste site located in See more. The stir caused by theory suggests that researchers have not explored all sides of the safety issue concerning potentially hazardous situations at Yucca Mountain.
Bowman's theory that Yucca Mountain could explode is based upon the idea that enough waste will eventually disperse through the rock to create a critical mass. A critical mass is an amount of fissile material, such as plutonium, containing enough mass to start a neutron chain reaction [Murray, ].
Bowman argues that if this chain reaction were started underground, the rocks in the ground would help keep the system compressed and speed up the chain reaction [Taubes, ].
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Proposal Examples How to Create a Proposal There are many things you will need to cover in your proposal letter. Each different part has a purpose, and altogether they should set out clearly the reason for the letter. Here are five sections that need to be included: Introduction — This should grab the a written proposal sample of the reader. Take this part to establish your agreement about the issue and begin to set the tone for the next section.
What is the problem. Define the problem you are working on and what would happen if it is not resolved. This should be stated clearly and concisely to convince the reader that what you are proposing is necessary. How more info you solve the problem. What this section includes will vary depending on the type of proposal, but it will be the most important part of the document.
When describing your proposed solution, any supplemental information can be added as annexes to the document. Executive summary — This is the conclusion. It needs to sum up the major points from your document and leave your reader with a good final impression. Those five sections can serve you as proposal outline.
Using them as a starting point, there are four important steps to follow to create a strong proposal. Write the proposal — At this stage, you should write out all your main points to get everything down on paper.
Bibliography Definition The goal of a research proposal is to present and justify the need to study a research problem and to present the practical ways in which the proposed study should be conducted. The design elements and procedures for conducting the research are governed by standards within the predominant discipline in which the problem resides, so guidelines for research proposals are more exacting and less formal than a general project proposal.
Research proposals contain extensive literature reviews. They must provide persuasive evidence that a need exists for the proposed study. Krathwohl, David R. Regardless of the research problem you are investigating and the methodology you choose, all research proposals must address the following questions: What do you plan to accomplish. Be clear and succinct in defining the research problem and what it is you are proposing to research.
Why do you want to do it. In addition to detailing your research design, you also must conduct a thorough review of the literature and provide convincing evidence that visit web page is a topic propsal of study. Be sure to answer the "So What. How are you going to do it. Be sure that what you propose is doable.
Learn more The purpose of proposal writing is to persuade others that your topic needs to be investigated. Your task is to write a well-structured, impressive text that includes all important format thesis dissertation so that everyone can understand the meaning of your project. Your research project proposal will also help you develop topicx project carefully and fully. What is the correct project proposal format.
Typically, the very first element is a title. Title At the beginning stage, you should choose an interesting topic to investigate. It may sound unbelievable, but topocs carefully chosen title can do half the job of persuading of your audience. Abstract Next, proposwl research proposal needs an abstract. This part of your paper has a very limited word count, typically between and words.
What should you include in your research proposal abstract. What benefits can your investigation bring. Think about this while choosing a topic and writing your abstract.
Facebook Twitter How to prepare a research proposal A crucial part of a research application is the research proposal. This page provides some guidance on writing a research proposal and includes some suggestions on what to include and what to avoid. Normally a proposal should be between 1, and 2, words and will include the following: A working title of students topic area: This should do more than convey the key words associated with the proposed research. General overview of area: This should take the form of a brief abstract of the general area of study and identify the discipline s within which it falls.
You might also refer to the way in which your own background gives you competences in your chosen area. Identification of the relevant literature: In this section you should develop your proposal to demonstrate that you are aware of the debates and issues raised in relevant bodies of literature. References to key articles and texts should be made to show that you appreciate their relevance to your research area.
You should demonstrate that your proposed area has not been studied before, so you need to identify your niche which will lead on to the thesis preparation. Key research questions: Since you need to demonstrate that the topic can be completed within the normal time period allowed, you need to demonstrate that it is manageable, and so focus on key questions within your niche area. Aims and objectives: State specific objectives of the research to be undertaken.
Methodology: You need to demonstrate an awareness of the methodological tools available to you and show some understanding of which would be suitable for your research. Alternatively your approach may involve forecasting or statistical, financial or econometric modelling. In other cases you may be combining methodologies. You need to specify the approach you feel will be most appropriate. Bibliography: You should include a short list of references to key articles and texts included in the application.
The methodology section of a research paper answers two main questions: How was the data collected or generated. The writing should be direct and precise and always written in the past tense. Kallet, Richard H. Methodology is crucial for any branch of scholarship because an unreliable method produces unreliable results and, as a consequence, undermines the value of your interpretations of the findings. In most cases, there are a variety of different methods you can choose to investigate a research problem.
The methodology section of your paper should clearly articulate the reasons why you chose a particular procedure or technique. The reader wants to know that the data was collected or generated in a way that is consistent with accepted practice in the field of study. For example, if you are using a multiple choice questionnaire, readers need to know that it offered your respondents a reasonable range of answers to choose from. The method must be appropriate to fulfilling the overall aims of the study.
The methodology should discuss the problems that were anticipated and the steps you took to prevent them from occurring. For any problems article furniture ceni do arise, you must describe the ways in which they were minimized or why these problems do not impact in any meaningful way your interpretation of the findings.
In the social and behavioral sciences, it is important to always provide sufficient information to allow other researchers to adopt or replicate your methodology. This information is particularly important when a new method has been developed or an innovative use of an existing method is utilized. Bem, Daryl J.
E-mail: mo. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Health research, medical education and clinical practice form the three pillars of modern day medical practice. Health research can and should be pursued by a broad range of people. Even if they do not conduct research themselves, they need to grasp the principles of learn more here scientific method to understand the value and limitations of science and to be able to assess and evaluate results of research before applying them.
This review paper aims to highlight the essential concepts to the students and beginning researchers and sensitize and motivate the read more to access the vast literature available on research methodologies. Most students and beginning researchers do not fully understand what a research proposal means, nor do they understand its importance. Broadly the research proposal must address the following questions regardless of your research area and the methodology you choose: What you plan to accomplish, why do you want to do it and how are you going to do it.
The elements of a research proposal are highlighted below: 1. Title: It should be concise and descriptive. It must be informative and catchy. Often titles are stated in terms of a functional relationship, because such titles clearly indicate the independent and dependent variables.
Abstract: It is a brief summary of approximately words. It should include the main research question, the rationale for the study, the hypothesis if any and the method. Descriptions of the method may include the design, procedures, the sample and any instruments that will be used.