E-mail: moc. Even today, many of the proposals at post-graduate evaluation committees and application proposals for funding are substandard. Being persuasive implies that researcher must be able to convince other researchers, research funding agencies, educational institutions and supervisors that the research is worth getting approval. The proposal must not only demonstrate that it is based on an intelligent understanding of the existing literature but also show that the writer has thought about the time needed to conduct each stage of reseaech research.
In general, a cover page should contain the i title of the proposal, ii name and affiliation of the researcher principal investigator and co-investigators, iii institutional affiliation degree of the investigator and the name of institution where the study will be performeddetails of contact such as phone numbers, E-mail id's and lines for signatures of investigators. The main contents of the proposal may be presented under the following headings: i introduction, ii review of literature, iii aims and objectives, iv research design and methods, v ethical considerations, vi budget, vii appendices and viii citations.
Introduction is an initial pitch of an idea; it sets the scene and puts the research in context. It should convey to the reader, what you want to do, what necessitates the study and your passion for the topic. If inrtoduction cannot be constructed, the line of inquiry to be used in the research must be indicated. Review of literature It refers to all sources of scientific evidence pertaining to the topic in interest.
It is preferable to summarise each article in a paragraph, highlighting the intrdouction pertinent to the topic of interest. The progression of review can move from the more general to the more intfoduction studies, or a historical progression can be used to develop the story, without making it exhaustive.
CCR welcomes the publication of: Traditional full-length articles max 9, words as well as short communications 3, — 4, words. Computer science and some social science outlets e. Results learn more here often be interesting without lengthy theoretical reflections. Explorative and null findings, provided they are theoretically relevant and methodologically rigorous. Tutorials including code examples that explain the usage and best practices of a particular tool or method in communication research.
CCR is funded primarily through sponsorships and donations. CCR does not communkcation a subscription fee and does not currently charge a mandatory article processing fee. More about CCR Computational Communication Research CCR is a peer reviewed and open-access journal focusing on development and application of computational methods in communication science.
Computational Methods are of increasing importance and prominence in the field of Communication Science. CCR aims to provide a central home for communication scientists with an interest in and focus on computational methods — a place to read and publish the cutting edge work in this growing subfield.
In keeping with this aim, the journal will emphasize the following: Judging computational work with appropriate standards and expertise. Scientists using computational methods face particular challenges and trade-offs that are not always apparent to researchers using traditional methods.
URL for online sources only Publisher Consult your departmental handbook or ask your supervisor if you need clarification of what information to use when referencing. Getting down to business: narrowing your focus and choosing existing literature to include The more reading that you do, the more you should be able to refine your research questions. You may decide that you want to investigate whether the findings would be the same in more recent research. Remember: Thinking critically about your sources is integral to achieving high marks — you should consider: The date of publication — is the source outdated.
Has there been any significant development that would affect the field of here since the study was carried out. Can you identify any methodological errors that would undermine the results that the authors presented. Are there any ethical concerns that you believe should be rectified in any future studies of the same topic. With the guidance of your supervisor, you will be able to alter the direction of your research as you go.
Although by now, you should have a clear idea of the potential for your research, and what your conclusions might be. The first step in creating your dissertation proposal should be planning its structure. Like the dissertation itself, your proposal will require an introduction, a main section and a conclusion. As a brief guide: Introduction This is where you will need to introduce your topic.
Main body of proposal This is usually composed of the following subsections: Methodology The methodology section is where you will outline the methods through which you will collect and process your data.
Identify which techniques masters research proposal guidelines use throughout your research and explain why those techniques are the best choices for this study. Make references to similar research that uses the same masters research proposal guidelines to justify your method, but highlight how your work is different.
List all of these references in a section at the end of the proposal. In your writing stages, include time for research, for writing your literature review, which aggregates previous research on the topic, and click presentations, training and seminars necessary for your research. Identify when you'll turn in each chapter. Note any special equipment, facilities or literature your research requires. Include where you're obtaining these resources, whether it's through the school or independently.
Write a section on your research's estimated costs. Break down costs into categories like travel, equipment rental and material and supplies. Include a per-unit and total cost for each category. Write down a grand total on the bottom of the chart. Identify your supervisor and the role she will play.
Review of Literature The escalating prodigies of urbanization, employment opportunities and settlement in foreign countries have accelerated both local and international migration1 of people equally from less developed to developing and developed countries. There are different patterns of migration and one of the most significant migration patterns is overseas migration.
The people living in one part of the world basically move to other parts for their livelihood Massey et al. The economics of migration focuses on the expectation of a higher income abroad as a main cause of decisions to emigrate Solimano, The push-pull theory of migration traced out the economic factors of migration in the sending country as well as in the receiving country.
Push factors attribute to the negative characteristics operating at the center of origin whereas pull factors identify the positive characteristics at the center of destination Datta, It is now well-accepted that international migration can have important consequences for sending countries as well as receiving areas.
The direction and magnitude of these effects, however, are increasingly investigated and not yet fully understood Antman, These people experience not only important economic and social consequences of their move, but also psychological ones. After settlement they call their families and sometimes other relatives while parents are generally left behind.
It is movement of persons who leave their country of origin, either for permanent or temporary residence in another country IOM, In many parts of the world, this type of migration is circular and recurrent, raising questions about the impact of migration on family members left behind parents left behind particularly and their reliance on the migrant for support Antman, and similar trend has been observed in Pakistan where people have migrated towards European countries.
The history of emigration from Pakistan is as old as the s when it emerged as an independent state. After establishing there, they sent remittances in their country of origin and made a larger amount of properties houses, lands and business which are look after by their left behind parents. Consequently, apart from economic outcomes, it is affecting the social fabric, and family is more info of the social institutions which is affected by international migration.
Unfortunately, this aspect is under-research and if any research has done, it is under published. A greater number of Pakistani from different cities have migrated to European countries and 4 their migration has affected their left behind families in terms of their social status positively while psychological state negatively.
The present research is an attempt to highlight this prodigy on which rare efforts have been made. The existing literature witnesses that more studies on international migration particularly with respect to left behind parents have been conducted by developed countries.
Pay attention to the rumours. Select a question an answer to which is still unknown to many people. Choose an audience that does not agree with your point. Decide on the problem on which everyone has a specific point of view. Choose an issue based on your own interests, but don't go too far. Here we have shared some of the most effective tips: No obvious argumentative paper topics. Do not stop on those topics that do not arise any arguments. Topics that state scientific facts proved by centuries do not work.
A debatable essay must focus on the critical issue which leads to the global conflicts. You may also write something about your school, college or university policies that annoy you or make students argue this web page their teachers and principals. Skip topics that people tend to agree on. At the same time, it is better to pass by argumentative essay topics connected with religion, gender, race, and other sensitive episodes of human life.
Otherwise, your subjective opinion may be graded subjectively. It is better to write your essay following APA style. You may read how to format academic papers in APA here.
The academic year is divided into two semesters: winter and summer semester. Each semester usually lasts 14 research documents registration and is followed by an examination period. After successful completion of examination, students gain an ECTS research documents registration and credits. Some courses docments completed by the credit pass only. Basic educational activities include lectures, seminars, exercises, consultations, final work, excursions, individual study and practice.
All those activities are provided by departments competent in the relevant field. Educational activities and examination period in the semester are scheduled in the Academic calendar approved by the Rector of SUA for each year. Organization of education at all levels and forms of study is based on the credit system. The study plan of a student specifies time and content sequence of courses and form of evaluation of study results. Study courses are divided into: compulsory, compulsory elective, and elective.
The method section answers click to see more main questions: 1 How was the data collected or generated. The writing should be direct and precise and written in the past tense. Methodology is crucial for any branch of scholarship because an unreliable method produces unreliable results and it misappropriates interpretations of findings. In most cases, there are a variety of different methods you can choose to investigate a research problem. Your methodology section of your paper should make clear the reasons why you chose a particular method or procedure.
The reader wants to know that the data was collected or generated in a way that is consistent with accepted practice in the field of study. For example, if you are using a questionnaire, readers need to know that it offered your respondents a reasonable range of answers to choose from. The research method must be appropriate to the objectives of the study.
The methodology should discuss the problems that were anticipated and the steps you took to prevent them from occurring. For any problems that did arise, you must describe the ways in which their impact was minimized or why these problems do not affect the findings in any way that impacts your interpretation of the data. Often in social science research, it is useful for other researchers to adapt or replicate your methodology.
Therefore, it is important to always provide sufficient information to allow others to use or replicate the study. This information is particularly important when a new method had been developed or an innovative use of an existing method has been utilized. Bem, Daryl J.