Research paper conclusion example pdf

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The go here is critical tasks for adults a summary; it is a belief based on your reasoning and on the evidence you have accumulated. This is the place to share with readers the conclusions you have conclusjon because of your research.

The conclusion attempts to carry the examiner or reader to a new level of perception about the thesis. A summary of what you have said in the thesis is not satisfactory. After all, the reader will hardly need reminding of things just read.

Research paper conclusion example pdf

The nature of the study can dictate overall content of visit web page conclusion. However, it should particularly reaffirm the thesis statement and seek to offer answers to source questions link in the research and justification for the approach used by the study as well as pathways forward.

This includes noting any implications resulting from your discussion click the topic, as well as recommendations, forecasting future trends, and the need for further research. The conclusion chapter or section seeks to: 1. It should be preferably less than or equal to about 5 pages for a dissertation and 15 pages for a PhD thesis.

The Conclusion chapter is more than just a summary of the chapters or data you have presented in the main thesis or dissertation. Along with providing a read more of the key findings and argument projected by the research, it should make a stand regarding the 1 thesis statement.

To do this effectively requires that the conclusion is developed with a clear structure, each section providing a specific insight into the study.

Hence, the conclusion should be able to stand on its own and provide a justification go here defense of the thesis. Almost like a thesis on the study, it should have a beginning introductiona middle section synthesis of empirical finding as answers to research questionstheoretical and policy implications and an end future continue reading and direction of further research.

The Introduction of a good conclusion chapter The conclusion chapter should have a definitive introduction which draws the attention of the reader to the thesis statement upon which the research was conducted. The introduction should restate the research question that the study set out to answer and clearly justify the necessity of such a course. Conversely, this section must indicate a problem, controversy or a gap in the field of study.

Make sure your ending has as ending. A summary of what you have said in the thesis is not satisfactory. It should have a beginning, middle, and an end. You could talk about learn more here overall significance of the study, the subject in general, and how it is important to know about it, how it can contribute to "the body of knowledge with the areas of study ", or maybe world view. It is particularly important to graceful exit.

In doing this it is proper that the research questions are outlined and the key objectives of the study. Secondly, the introduction of the conclusion, just like those of the discussion chapters read article provide a map of how the chapter has been structured. It should therefore provide a pictorial sequence of the issues to be discussed and how the section will end.

This allows the examiner the opportunity to know what to expect and strong grounding for the research coverage. Example 1: The study was set out to explore the concept of Sustainable Livelihoods and has identified the nature and form of livelihood diversification in Ghana, the reasons and motivation for diversification, the type, the extent, resources required for diversification and the role and impact of intervention on the household economy and well-being.

The study has also sought to know whether livelihood diversification can result research paper conclusion example pdf effective poverty reduction, particularly in small farm households. The general theoretical literature on this subject and specifically in the context of Africa is inconclusive on concluusion vital questions within the diversification discourse.

The study sought to answer two of these questions: 1. Do rural households diversify researcg survival or accumulation? Does rural household diversification reduce risk effectively? Empirical Findings The discussion under this section should provide a synthesis of the empirical findings from the study with respect to the individual research questions.

This web page evidence and synthesis of arguments presented in the body to show how these converge to answer the research question, and or study objectives. This can be done by including a brief summary of the main finding in the different chapters that these points seek to provide answers to or the specific research question being addressed in the conclusion.

It is bad to 2 simply repeat earlier arguments that were in your thesis. Instead, show your reader how the points you made and the support and examples you used fit together. Pull it all together for them. Do this systematically for all the different research questions of the dissertation or thesis. If there are two or more parts to the question, be sure to include responses to each part in your conclusion.

Example 2: The main empirical findings are chapter specific and were summarized within the respective empirical chapters: State the titles of your empirical chapter. Do rural farm households diversify for accumulation of wealth or survival? Persistent lack of security: The majority of households highlighted the lack of income security as rwsearch factor that caused them to diversify, but they still do not enjoy any security. This pattern cannot be an indication of accumulation, especially fxample individuals cannot provide for their basic necessities of life in spite of their diversification.

In this section you attempt to briefly argue how your findings could influence further understanding or application knowledge in the subject. Whilst you should not attempt to under estimate existing positions and views on such subjects, it is critical that you present a modest position of how your work has contributed to existing understanding of concepts reserch has been investigated by the project.

Example 2: The main empirical findings are chapter specific and were summarized within the respective empirical chapters: State the titles of your empirical chapter. This shows the reader that you have done what you said you would do and gives a sense of unity the thesis. However, evidence from several studies, including Bryceson, and concludion thesis, seems to point to the fact that rural communities have still not recovered from the negative shocks of adjustment.

In cases where your findings differ from click to see more of others, it is useful to indicate possible reasons for such variation. Moreover, it is equally important to acknowledge the views of others who share similar positions as those identified by your research.

In a nut shell, show how your finding differ or support those of others and why. Example 3: The theoretical cases for diversification therefore needs to be revisited in order further understand the livelihood dynamics of the rural poor and how it can be made more sustainable. The sustainable framework suggests the achievement of accumulation from diversification within the rural economy Carney It is however, noted from this study that such a benefit is not likely for most rural households with the obvious alternative of survival being the more probable outcome of diversification.

Research paper conclusion example pdf pattern is consistent with that presented by Carswell but contradicts that of Whitehead and Kabeer Diversification therefore does conclusion example necessarily offer pathways out of poverty as suggested by Reardon This pattern could be use at these sections, picking one theoretical contribution after the other in a sequence and discussing them briefly. It is expedient that you mention the main theoretical understanding on which your research has been based, how your study is positioned with this theoretical framework and how your work could influence the debate with this discourse.

In this regard, it would be appropriate to posit how your findings may affect practice in that field of study in future. Example 4: One particular policy program with extended theoretical underpinnings was the Structural Adjustment Program of which Ghana has been hailed as an icon of success by the World Bank Horton et al. However, evidence from several studies, including Bryceson, and this thesis, seems to point to the fact that rural communities have research paper conclusion example pdf not recovered from the negative shocks of adjustment.

This study has used empirical findings to show that the current Poverty Reduction Policy is not making the anticipated impact. The theoretical arguments for this justification suggest the need for policy review which will enable diversification to work for the poor and more especially the rural household economy Kinsey Pointing to areas of further research shows evidence of awareness of the research area you are working in. No doubt while you were researching your topic, in some areas, happens.

novels reviews ratings really found more questions than answers. Example 5: The scale of this debate is therefore extensive and multifaceted even at the local level. To generate achievable policy strategies and development targets with regards to diversification, there is need for more case studies at the local level to allow further assessment of local dimensions of the subject.

Exploring the following as future research strategies can facilitate the attainment of this goal: 2. It is important to consult your supervisor on this and also accept the suggestions of the examiner in such a situation. Example 6: The study has offered an evaluative perspective on an important national development policy program, and was what is research paper in a rural environment through sampling farm households.

As a direct consequence of this methodology, the study encountered a number of limitations, which need to be considered. This shows the reader that you have done what you said you would do and gives a sense of unity the thesis. It is particularly important to graceful exit. Make sure your ending has as ending. The final two or three paragraphs are as important as any others.

You could talk about the overall significance of the study, the subject in general, and how it is important to know about it, how it can contribute to "the body of knowledge with the areas of study ", or maybe world view. Make the reader feel that it has been worth his or her while to read the thesis and that the area of study has advanced with your work.

Example 7: In spite of what is often reported about the benefits of sustainable livelihoods and livelihood diversification in theoretical and policy debates, livelihood diversification in practice has only offered some solution to the prevailing and persistent household vulnerability and deprivation in Southern Ghana, even amongst diversified households.

The benefits of diversification have been shown to be neither comprehensive nor do they seem to be sustainable in the long-term.

  • Example 3: The theoretical cases for diversification therefore needs to be revisited in order further understand the livelihood dynamics of the rural poor and how it can be made more sustainable.
  • It is expedient that you mention the main theoretical understanding on which your research has been based, how your study is positioned with this theoretical framework and how your work could influence the debate with this discourse.
  • Make the reader feel that it has been worth his or her while to read the thesis and that the area of study has advanced with your work.

Generally, although a short pithy quote is sometimes recommended as being able to spice up your conclusion, the concluding paragraphs should be link your own words. Try to avoid direct quotations or references to other sources at this stage.

Sequencing points: Learn more here, second, third, fourth finally OR lastly 2. Contrasting ideas: In contrast; on one hand ; on the other hand; whereas 3. Conclusio emphasis: Not only but also Use of linking sentences Link the thinking between your paragraphs within each section Link the thinking across sections Keep your ideas as writer clearly distinguished from thoughts of cited literature sources.

Note the progress of your argument at each stage: in paped clearly; one of the most noteworthy significant issues to consider; it is interesting to note that 3. Beginning with an unnecessary, overused phrase such as "in conclusion," "in summary," or "in closing" Although these phrases can work in speeches, they come across as wooden and trite in writing.

This conclusion just restates the thesis and is usually painfully short.

It does not push the ideas forward. People write source kind of conclusion when they can't think of anything else to say.

Not see conclusion pdf example paper research curious

The "Sherlock Holmes: Conclusion. Sometimes writers will state the thesis for the very first time in the conclusion. You might be tempted to use this strategy if you don't want to give everything away too early in your thesis. You may think it would be more dramatic to keep the reader in the dark until the end and then "wow" visit web page with your main idea, much like a Sherlock Holmes mystery.

A more sophisticated commentary, rather than emotional praise, would be a more fitting tribute to the just click for source. The "Grab Bag" Conclusion. This kind of conclusion includes extra information that the writer found or thought of but couldn't integrate into the main thesis. You may find it hard to leave out details that you discovered after hours of research and thought, but adding random facts and bits of evidence at the end of an otherwise-well- organized essay can just create confusion.

Where existing frameworks have been criticised and modified, the conclusion should indicate a justification for this in relation to the findings generate as a result of such exercise. In this respect, it is the most important part of your thesis; this is where you really show yourself.

Like example conclusion research pdf paper

The conclusion chapter should be able to stand on its own, like a paper on the study. It should have a beginning, middle, research paper conclusion example pdf an end. Take as much care with it as you have with the other parts read article the thesis.

Conclusions are often the most difficult part of a dissertation or a thesis. Many students perceive they have nothing else to say after having written a laborious thesis. It is therefore important to know that the conclusion is often link the examiner or reader remembers best and should project the best of your work.

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5 Comments
  1. Research paper conclusion example pdf
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